Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.

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They were compiled immediately after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana death. This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of the Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra. They are written in the Ardha-magadhi Prakrit language.

Number of Ang-agams Survived.

Jain literature

Ang Agam sutras contain direct preaching of Lord Mahavir. It contains the following information: It also explains what sort of repentance Prayashchitta the monk should perform. Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams Ang-bahya-agams outside of Ang-agams Ang-agams or Ang-pravista-agams: This agam describes the story of wutras bother princes.

Also the religious books and scriptures were considered possessions and attachments for ascetics. However the Swetambar sect believes that only fourteen Purvas were forgotten but the significant portion of the remaining Agam Sutras were preserved by them and hence they decided to document the Agam Sutras canonical literature as remembered by them at various time.

Kielhorn as the best grammar work of the Indian middle age. The prathmanuyoga first exposition contains the universal history, the karananuyoga calculation exposition contains works on cosmology and the charananuyoga behaviour exposition includes texts about proper behaviour for monks and Sravakas.


Appendix – Summary of Swetambar Jain Agams: The third part, Purvagata contained 14 purvas. Predicting a 12 year long famine, Bhadrabahu went agwm to Karnataka with his adherents [10] and Sthulabhadraanother Jain monk remained behind.

The Jains have used several languages at different times and in different regions of India. The Digambar sect believes that all Ang-bahya-agams were also gradually lost starting about two hundred years after Lord Mahavir’s Nirvan. This agam describes the process of dying by zutras own desire agamm its glory.

The scriptures which are essential for monks and nuns to study in the early stages of their ascetic life are called Mool-sutras. Jambudeepa is a big island located in the center sutraz the middle world as explained in the Jain geography. He appeared from heaven to shower Lord Mahavir with unprecedented pomp and splendor. The second Purva-agam named Agraya-niya was used as the basis for this scripture.

Digambaras reject the shtras of the Agamas compiled at Valabhi.

In the course of time, it became extremely difficult to keep memorizing the entire Jain literature Agam sutras – scriptures, Commentary literature, and Independent works compiled by the many scholars.

Only scattered chapters of this agam are now available.

This agam describes the form and attributes of souls from a different perspective. Jains have contributed to India’s classical and popular literature.

This anuyoga expounded the texts, which had mathematical viewpoints. Lord Mahavir’s preaching was methodically compiled by his immediate disciples known as Gandharas, and elder monks known as Srut-kevalis into many texts known as Sutras.

Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost. It also explains how they can repent for their sins and mistakes. A description of the six routines Avashyakas is explained in this agam. Agama ssutras a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers. Number of Ang-bayha agams Survived. Some of the important works are Harivamshapurana of Jinasena c.


This agam describes the names, positions, and residences of Devas angels who live in heaven.

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. Also there occurred a twelve years of famine around BC. This agam describes the story of Monk Keshi.

Jain Agam Literature

After their death, they went to heaven. Lord Mahavir’s preaching was orally compiled by his disciples into many Sutras texts. Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana.

This agam explains Jain principles through examples and stories. Trivarnachar Vattaura A.

This agam explains Jain principles through examples and stories. This sutra explains the daily rituals the monks and nuns have to perform. This agam describes the system of confession for monks and nuns who fall from proper conduct. The scriptures which describe independent or miscellaneous subjects of the Jain religion are known as Prakirna-sutras.

Following is the list of number of Ang-bahya-agams recognized as authentic scriptures by different Jain Swetambar Sects: Among Ang-agams, Purvas were the oldest sacred texts. Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost. After his death, the king was born as a deva in heaven.