P.N Bhagwati, J.— The petitioner is an organisation dedicated to the cause of release of bonded labourers in the country. The system of bonded labour has. Bandhua Mukti Morcha (BMM) or Bonded Labour Liberation Front (BLLF) is a non-governmental organisation in India working to end bonded labour. Based in New Delhi, it was founded in by Swami Agnivesh who continues as its chairman. Bonded labour was legally abolished in India in but remains prevalent, in India is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v · t · e. Bandhua Mukti Morcha of India, (3) SCC (Para 4) 2. S.P. Gupta v. Union of India, (2) SCR (Para 3). JUDGEMENT: O R D E R 1.

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N 6 SCC this Court has considered the constitutional perspectives of the abolition of the child labour and the child below 14 years of age in the notorious Sivakasi Match Industries. Sub-section 2 of Section 8. In a part of the report it has said: This site uses cookies. Srivastava, Director General of Labour Welfare in the Ministry of Labour to inquire into the matter again and furnish a report on the degree to which the directions issued by the Court had received compliance.

The child should be fully prepared to live an individual life in society. Supreme Court Of India10 Dec Central Administrative Tribunal18 Feb Laxmidhar Misra, in due course, submitted his report in two parts — one dealing with the identification of the bonded labour and the second covering the inquiry into the implementation of the 21 directives.

Periodically, hold labour camps to educate such labourers with the help of the National Labour Institute. To continue, Already have an account? If some authority entrusted with welfare had been made to inspect this area at regular intervals he could have ensured availability of facilities for schooling and hospital as also supply of drinking water to the workmen.

When any bonded labourer approaches this Court, the real grievance that he makes is that he should be freed from this bondage and he prays for vv.union set at liberty and liberty is no doubt a fundamental right guaranteed to every person under the Constitution. In para 27, it has noted the causes for failure to implement the constitutional mandate and has given various directions in that behalf.

Date of the Ruling: Articles 32 3 and 32 4. C Mehta case, to provide 1 compulsory education to all f.union either by the industries themselves or in coordination with it by the State Government to the children employed in the factories, mine or any other industry, incia or unorganised labour with such timings as is convenient to impart compulsory education, facilities for secondary, vocational profession and higher education; 2 apart from education, periodical health check-up; 3 nutrient food etc.

Since those workmen who will be working there have to be protected from the vagaries of employment and the anxiety of the employer to draw work without adequate payments, the authorities of the State of Haryana must take care to protect the workmen from the hands of the employer by ensuring compliance with the laws and if there be any vacuum in the laws, the State of Haryana should rise to play the role of a welfare State and play it well.


If a local officer of appropriate status had been placed around the corner it would have helped in improving the lot of the workmen.

However, in exceptional cases and particularly in matters of general public interest, Supreme Court may, proceed to exercise its jurisdiction under Article 32 of the Constitution treating a letter or a communication in any other form as an appropriate proceeding.

This Court appointed two Advocates as Commissioners to inquire into the working conditions of the stone quarry workers with particular reference to the cases mentioned in the writ petition.

Union Of India And Others. We hope and trust that if a direction is issued to the Chief Secretary of the State to regulate these aspects the reposing of trust by this Court would not turn out to be misplaced. That under the above mentioned Act, a labourer would be a bonded labourer only if he has or is presumed to have incurred a bonded debt. To ensure that appropriate and adequate medical and first aid facilities are provided to workmen as required by Section 21 of the Mines Act and Rules 40 to A of the Mines Rules The creditor anxious to exploit the situation ensures that the debt is never satisfied and often on the traditional basis of pious obligation the liability is inherited by the children of the original debtor.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha Vs. Union of India & Ors. – Court Verdict

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, who was far ahead of his time in his wisdom projected these rights in the Directive Principles muktk the children as beneficiaries. Click to upgrade Your Package to have this feature. The fundamental rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and for The enforcement of the fundamental rights very wide powers have been conferred on this Court.

Supreme Court Of India12 Mar These aspects were brought to the notice of the parties and ihdia hearing them, by an order of 21st February,this Court directed: Log In India UK.

Article 32 2 includes within its matrix, power to issue any direction, order or writs which may be appropriate for the enforcement of the fundamental right in question and this is made amply clear by the inclusive nature of the clause which refers to writ bandhuw the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari.

Section 2 sub-section 1 clause e. The petitioner made a survey of some of the stone quarries in Faridabad district near the city of Delhi and found that there were a large number of labourers from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan who were working in these stone quarries under “inhuman and intolerable conditions” and many of whom were bonded labourers.


The V.unikn on the Rights of the Child which was ratified by the Government of India on recognises the rights of v.unioj child for full and harmonious development of his or her personality. The court considers both the report as well as the affidavits filed by the parties for adjudication.

Ut, Chandigarh And Others S.

As already pointed out these are quarries located nearabout the industrial belt of Haryana and not far away from Delhi. Article 26 1 of Universal Declaration of Inxia Rights assures that everyone has the right to education which shall be free, at least at the elementary and fundamental stages. P and Shri B.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha versus Union of India AIR 1984 SC 802

Such powers must be held to be implied under the vast powers conferred on the Supreme Court under Article 32 for the enforcement of fundamental rights. This system based on exploitation by a few socially and economically powerful persons trading on the misery and suffering of large number of men and holding them in bondage is a relic of a feudal hierarchical society which hypocritically proclaims inxia divinity of man but treats large masses of people belonging mukgi the lower rungs of the social ladder or economically impoverished segments of society as dirt and chattel.

The District Magistrates are to map out areas of concentration of bonded labour which are mostly to be found in stone quarries and brick kilns and assign task forces for identification and release of bonded labour. This is a paid feature. S Gandhi 2 SCC right to education at the secondary stage was held to be a fundamental right.

This Court bandnua with various aspects of the problem; referred to available literature on material aspects; took into account the information collected by Advocate-Commissioners and the report made by Dr.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India & Ors. () 10 SCC | ESCR-Net

Workmen’s Compensation Act. In furtherance thereof, a comprehensive report was submitted on The whole atmosphere in the alleged stone quarries was full of dust and it was difficult for anyone to breathe; Some of the workmen were not allowed to leave the stone quarries and were providing forced labour; There was no facility of providing clean drinking water; The labourers did not have proper houses, instead they were living in jhuggies made of piled stones and straw; No compensation was paid to labourers who were injured in accidents occurring in the course of their employment; There were no facility for medical treatment or schooling.

Subashini, Advocate, for the Respondent. Immediate ban of child labour would be both unrealistic and counter-productive.

Section 2 j. Perhaps near the area a police station or an outpost could be located. Ashoka Kumar Thakur vs. Article 32 of the Constitution.