Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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Modern scholars have cited Epistles ii, e and Timaeus 27cd as sources for Plethon’s claim. Both had been students of Gemistos in their youth.

Gemistos Plethon – New World Encyclopedia

Thus, Aristotle insists on an eternal ungenerated universe, whereas, Plethon thinks, Plato believes that the universe was generated but also eternal. Thus, at least, we know something of the substance of the work. This book is the most comprehensive study of Gemistos Plethon in any language. Since Zeus, alone in the singularity of his highest divinity, rules apart over the universe. Plethon states it thus, “Things assigned must be proportionate to those to which they are assigned, if the assignment is p,ethon be appropriately made As a secular scholar, Plethon was often not required for the religious discussions at the Council.

Internet URLs are the best.

The Olympians are the creators and rulers of the immortals in the heavens, but the Tartareans rule the mortals here; so that Kronos of the Tartareans, himself the leader of the Titans, rules over the mortal form altogether. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. I heard, too, from a number of Greeks who escaped here from the Peloponnese that he openly said before he died I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because his interpretation of the Platonic God better fits his own neo-pagan theological conceptions.


Plethon continues his complaint by noting ” He plethn greatly affected the Renaissance conception of the configuration of the Earth and so played an important, if indirect, role in the discovery of America by Christopher Columbuswho cited Strabo among his principal authorities.

Id certe, testatur apud Morellium, in catalogo bibl. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. This same divine order, he believed, governed the organisation of bees, the foresight of ants and the dexterity of spiders, as well as the growth of plants, magnetic attraction, and the amalgamation of mercury and gold.

Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes. He also composed a work in defence of the Greek doctrine of the Procession of the Holy Ghost.

In Plethon was consulted by Emperor John VIII on the issue of unifying the Greek and Latin churches, and advised that both delegations should have equal voting power. Mutilation as a punishment would be abolished, and chain gangs introduced. Despite suspicions of heresy from the Church, he was held in high Imperial favour.

Trade would be regulated and the use of coinage limited, barter instead being encouraged; locally available products would be supported over imports. According to Diller, it appears that Plethon gemstos inserted ff.

George Gemistos Plethon: the last of the Hellenes

pletjon The comparison of Plato and Aristotle was also printed at Basle, His eldest child, also motherless, and second god is Poseidon. A closer examination of Plethon’s position in De Differentiis when compared to his position in his Summary reveals that those two positions are, in fact, consistent with one gwmistos and not with any Christian conception whatever.


The purpose of this council was to effect the union of the two churches and thus, hopefully, to preserve the Byzantine Empire with the help of the West.

My email address is webmaster at newadvent. Monfasani the difference between the two dates being significant as to whether or not Plethon still lived to know of the Fall of Constantinople in The work contained that which shocked many and confirmed the suspicions of more than a few. Views Read Edit View history. Plethon rejected Aristotle’s criticism of Plato, but did not always make a distinction between Platonism and Neoplatonism.

God in Plethon’s Summary During his long lifetime, Plethon had published a fairly large number of works on a wide variety of topics.

Gemistus Pletho – Wikipedia

In the letter, he lists all the chapter headings of the Book of Laws and gives a short description of the contents.

Schmitt, Renaissance Philosophy Oxford: Morgan Comes to Tea”.

The gods are responsible for much good and no evil, and guide all life towards divine order.