Herskovits New York. and to my colleagues on the Council’s sub -Committee on Acculturation. Dr. none the less hoped workers in other social sciences. is what. Similarly, Melville Herskovits, for a long time a missing figure in the annals of history of anthropology and one of the central protagonists of acculturation theory . MEMORANDUM FOR THE STUDY OF ACCULTURATION. Robert Redfield. University of Chicago Melville J. Herskovits. Northwestern University. Search for.

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The simplicity and clarity of their insights should have solved the debates in the field long ago. London and New York, Routledge, When he addressed the Annual Meeting, Spier argued that acculturation studies belonged in sociology not anthropology journals, and put forth a motion not to publish acculturation papers in AA. In some communities, ethnic schools created by families and churches, provided not only reinforcement of their language and cultural practices, but also acted as buffers against broader herskovitd discrimination against immigrants.

This process has been linked to changes in daily behaviouras well as numerous changes in psychological and physical well-being. He joined the Army Medical Corps and was stationed in France. Hersiovits highlight the promising direction of a herskovitts turn in acculturation research. Their clarifications of these distinctions, built on a review of 40 years of research, provided important contrasts between these two concepts.

Although other disciplines, particularly psychology and sociology, have dominated the field of acculturation research more recently, they mostly have done so with a narrow focus.

Acculturation – Wikipedia

Pidgin is a mixed language that has developed to help communication between members of different cultures in contact, usually occurring in situations of trade or colonialism.

Psychology became the dominant social science field studying acculturation and psychological acculturation research continues actively today.

He founded the first U. In this sense, globalization is a powerful factor of cultural and social differentiation that cannot be examined solely in terms of Herskovitsian counter-acculturation.

Kramer refers to changes in each culture accupturation to acculturation as co-evolution. Implicit theories of Turkish—Dutch”. The author, however, realized the need to extend acculturation studies beyond the research of situations of contact between Europeans and Native populations.

Acculturation theorists tried to build new ways of reconciling this emphasis on circulation and the demand for thick observation. InBeals [ 21 ] saw linguistics as a potentially important dimension that was still underdeveloped and underexplored.

Critical Psychology of Acculturation: At the individual level, the process of acculturation refers to the socialization process by which foreign-born individuals blend the values, customs, norms, cultural attitudes, and behaviors of the overarching host culture.


Off the Beaten Path of Antimodernism. In societies where cultural exclusion is promoted, individuals often adopt marginalization strategies of acculturation. Implications for theory and research”.

Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

This is an ongoing process. At this group level, acculturation often results in changes to culture, religious practices, healthcare, and other social institutions. Psychologists focused on the traits of acculturation and their measurement. But here I will be more interested in some differences which are relevant to the wider globalist agenda. He also helped forge the concept of “cultural relativism,” particularly in his book Man and His Works One important distinction when it comes to risk for acculturative stress is degree of willingness, or migration status, which can differ greatly if one enters a country as a voluntary immigrant, refugee, asylum seeker, or sojourner.

In cases such as these, acculturation is heavily influenced by general food knowledge, or knowing the unique kinds of food different cultures traditionally have, the media, and social interaction. Different cultures have different ways in which they prepare, serve and eat their food.

“The past is a foreign country”? Acculturation theory and the anthropology of globalization

First, the understanding of acculturation should be multidimensional in examining the complex ways that individuals and groups encounter new cultural contexts and respond to the pressures to adopting new languages and other cultural features. An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Cultural studies Majority—minority relations Immigration.

He stayed there hersovits only few years, in accepting the position of assistant professor of sociology at Northwestern University.


According to Kramer, assimilation involves conformity to a pre-existing form. It can include the introduction of forms of dress or personal adornment, music and art, religion, language, or behavior.

Their view of diffusion was a processual one, acculturatiln interested in history in the making than in history as a narrative of things past.

Princeton, Princeton University Press. But religion and ritual continue to play an important role on the globalist agenda, as shown by the increasing number of re-visits of African-American religions or the growing body of literature on neo-Pentecostalism and acculturatio Catholicism on the American continent and elsewhere.

More commonly, the process occurs through social pressure or constant exposure to the more prevalent host culture. On a broad scale study, involving immigrants in 13 immigration-receiving countries, the experience of discrimination was positively related to the maintenance of the immigrants’ ethnic culture. Acculturation Cultural appropriation Cultural area Cultural artifact Cultural baggage Cultural behavior Cultural bias Cultural capital Cross-cultural Cultural communication Cultural conflict Cultural cringe Cultural dissonance Cultural emphasis Cultural accultutation Cultural heritage Cultural icon Cultural identity Cultural industry Cultural acculturatikn Cultural landscape Cultural learning Cultural leveling Cultural memory Cultural pluralism Cultural practice Cultural property Cultural reproduction Cultural system Cultural technology Cultural universal Cultureme Enculturation High- and low-context acculturatioh Interculturality Manuscript culture Material culture Non-material culture Organizational culture Print culture Protoculture Safety culture Technoculture Trans-cultural diffusion Transculturation Visual culture.


The accepting group takes not only the cultural, material, and behaviors of the donor group, but their inner values as well. Review of General Acculturatikn. Redfield, Linton, and Herskovits defined three potential results of acculturation processes that were later echoed in the sociological and psychological literature, though with insufficient recognition of the contribution of anthropology.

Similarly, in some of the papers he wrote in the s, Herskovits was eager to admit his initial Africanist excesses: One can only speculate about how much more useful immigration and acculturation studies could have been had these understandings of the dynamics of historical and cultural diversity been fully incorporated into later research. Their contrast of the anthropological study of acculturation and the sociological study of assimilation is worth reviewing in some detail as it provides important correctives to much contemporary research.

Journal of Youth and Adolescence. This interest is expressed in the recent development of the anthropology of globalization as an important sub-disciplinary field. From the beginning, the anthropological approach to acculturation had a global perspective, moving beyond the study of immigrants coming to a new country to focus on all situations of cultural contact.

The Acculturation of American Ethnic Groups. Under normal circumstances that are seen commonly in today’s society, the process of acculturation normally occurs over a large span of time throughout a few generations.

As Chirkov summarized previous critiques, he faulted previous work in psychology as a being overly concerned with finding universal processes; b using simple quantitative measures that do not accurately assess acculturation and assure the uniformity of findings; c misunderstanding the centrality of language to culture; and d relying on hers,ovits studies using quantification and statistics that cannot possibly assess the diversity and complexity of acculturation processes.

New York, Columbia University Press.